Academic Year 2017/2018 - 2° Year - Curriculum Scienze Erboristiche e dei Prodotti Nutraceutici
Teaching Staff Credit Value: 12
Scientific field: CHIM/08 - Pharmaceutical chemistry
Taught classes: 84 hours
Term / Semester: 1° and 2°

Learning Objectives

  • Phytochemistry

    The student after completing the course, should be able: 1) To acquire the principle of pharmaceutical science in the field of phytochemistry; 2) Define the physicochemical properties of natural products. 3)Illustrate, how to separate, identify and estimate the different active chemical constituents of the medicinal plants. 4) Acquire good knowledge about the uses of the different active constituents (essential oils – carbohydrates – bitter principles – resins – tannins) of the medicinal plants.

Detailed Course Content

  • Phytochemistry


    Primary and secondary metabolism

    Biosynthetic pathways in vascular plants

    Secondary metabolites: roles and functions

    Definition of officinalis plant, medicinal plant, drug, phytocomplex

    Factors influencing the content of active ingredients in a drug.

    Role and Functions of the more important secondary metabolites.

    Action mechanism of the more important secondary metabolites.

    Acetate pathway: fatty acids and polyketides

    Scikimate pathway: aromatic amino acids and phenylpropanoids

    Mevalonate pathway : terpenoids and steroids

    Alkaloids :Alkaloids deriving from ornithine, Alkaloids deriving from tyrosine, Indolic alkaloids, minor alkaloids


    Extraction Techniques.

Textbook Information

  • Phytochemistry

    PAUL M. DEWICK: Medicinal Natural Products.