Academic Year 2015/2016 - 1° Year
Teaching Staff: Rosaria ACQUAVIVA
Credit Value: 7
Scientific field: BIO/15 - Pharmaceutical biology
Taught classes: 49 hours
Term / Semester:

Learning Objectives

Gain the ability to:

  • describe structures and the fundamental biological processes of the cell and of living organisms using appropriate scientific terminology;
  • understand the importance of variability so that we can distinguish and motivate the difference between living organisms;
  • critically evaluate the implications and results of innovative discoveries in cell biology and living organisms;
  • use the knowledge about the basic mechanisms that regulate the living matter and living organisms (animals and plants) as a substrate for the study of other biological materials of their degree course;
  • follow the innovative discoveries in cell biology and living organisms by consulting the scientific literature.

Detailed Course Content

Principles of classification of living organisms.

Autotrophy and heterotrophy organisms.

Virus: organization, morphology, main features and the relationship with the ecosystem.

DNA virus and RNA virus. Virus-virus interactions.

Organization of the plant body.

Classification of plants.

Morphology of the animal and plant cells: prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms.

Structure and function of the cell: cell wall, cell membrane structure and function, cell permeability, transport, exocytosis and endocytosis.

Growth of the cell wall. Changes in the cell wall: lignification, mineralization, gelation, pigmentation.

Intracellular structures

Chloroplasts, chromoplasts, leucoplasts: structure and functions. Pigments. Biochemical mechanism of photosynthetic light reactions, photorespiration.

Vacuolar system: origin, development and functions.

Composition of the vacuolar constituents of pharmaceutical interest.

Metabolism: primary metabolites, intermediate metabolites and secondary metabolites.

Characters tissue. Systems of tissues and their classification.

Meristematic tissues or cells.

Adult tissues or definitive: system parenchyma, tegument system, conducting system, segregators system and mechanical system.

Cell cycle. DNA replication, mitosis, meiosis, mutations in the DNA.

Eterozygous, homozygous and hemizygous, dominant and recessive characters, genotype, phenotype and karyotype, Mendel's laws.

Genetic code, transcription, translation.

Textbook Information

  1. N.L. Campbell. -Biologia- Ed. Zanichelli
  2. D. Sadava, D.V. Hillis, H.C. Heller, M.R. Berenbaum-Biologia-Ed.Zainichelli
  3. Solomon, Berg, Martin -Biologia- Ed. Edises
  4. Solomon, Berg, Martin -Struttura e processi vitali nelle piante- Ed. Edises