Academic Year 2015/2016 - 1° Year
Teaching Staff Credit Value: 13
Scientific field
  • BIO/15 - Pharmaceutical biology
  • BIO/11 - Molecular biology
Taught classes: 91 hours
Term / Semester: 1° and 2°

Detailed Course Content

  • Plant and animal biology

    Principles of classification of living organisms.

    Autotrophy and heterotrophy organisms.

    Virus: organization, morphology, main features and the relationship with the ecosystem.

    DNA virus and RNA virus. Virus-virus interactions.

    Organization of the plant body.

    Classification of plants.

    Morphology of the animal and plant cells: prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms.

    Structure and function of the cell: cell wall, cell membrane structure and function, cell permeability, transport, exocytosis and endocytosis.

    Growth of the cell wall. Changes in the cell wall: lignification, mineralization, gelation, pigmentation.

    Intracellular structures

    Chloroplasts, chromoplasts, leucoplasts: structure and functions. Pigments. Biochemical mechanism of photosynthetic light reactions, photorespiration.

    Vacuolar system: origin, development and functions.

    Composition of the vacuolar constituents of pharmaceutical interest.

    Metabolism: primary metabolites, intermediate metabolites and secondary metabolites.

    Characters tissue. Systems of tissues and their classification.

    Meristematic tissues or cells.

    Adult tissues or definitive: system parenchyma, tegument system, conducting system, segregators system and mechanical system.

    Cell cycle. DNA replication, mitosis, meiosis, mutations in the DNA.

    Eterozygous, homozygous and hemizygous, dominant and recessive characters, genotype, phenotype and karyotype, Mendel's laws.

    Genetic code, transcription, translation.

Textbook Information

  • Plant and animal biology

    1. N.L. Campbell. -Biologia- Ed. Zanichelli
    2. D. Sadava, D.V. Hillis, H.C. Heller, M.R. Berenbaum-Biologia-Ed.Zainichelli
    3. Solomon, Berg, Martin -Biologia- Ed. Edises
    4. Solomon, Berg, Martin -Elementi Biologia- Ed. Edises
    5. Solomon, Berg, Martin -Struttura e processi vitali nelle piante- Ed. Edises