Academic Year 2016/2017 - 1° Year
Teaching Staff Credit Value: 13
Scientific field
  • BIO/15 - Pharmaceutical biology
  • BIO/11 - Molecular biology
Taught classes: 91 hours
Term / Semester: 1° and 2°

Learning Objectives

  • Plant and animal biology

    Gain the ability to:

    describe structures and the fundamental biological processes of the cell and of living organisms using appropriate scientific terminology;
    understand the importance of variability so that we can distinguish and motivate the difference between living organisms;
    independently apply the acquired knowledge to solving problems of biology;
    critically evaluate the implications and results of innovative discoveries in cell biology and living organisms;
    use the knowledge about the basic mechanisms that regulate the living matter and living organisms (animals and plants) as a substrate for the study of other biological materials of their degree course;
    follow the innovative discoveries in cell biology and living organisms by consulting the scientific literature.

Detailed Course Content

  • Plant and animal biology

    Principles of classification of living organisms.

    Autotrophy and heterotrophy organisms.

    Virus: organization, morphology, main features and the relationship with the ecosystem.

    DNA virus and RNA virus. Virus-virus interactions.

    Organization of the plant body.

    Classification of plants.

    Morphology of the animal and plant cells: prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms.

    Structure and function of the cell: cell wall, cell membrane structure and function, cell permeability, transport, exocytosis and endocytosis.

    Growth of the cell wall. Changes in the cell wall: lignification, mineralization, gelation, pigmentation.

    Intracellular structures

    Chloroplasts, chromoplasts, leucoplasts: structure and functions. Pigments. Biochemical mechanism of photosynthetic light reactions, photorespiration.

    Vacuolar system: origin, development and functions.

    Composition of the vacuolar constituents of pharmaceutical interest.

    Metabolism: primary metabolites, intermediate metabolites and secondary metabolites.

    Characters tissue. Systems of tissues and their classification.

    Meristematic tissues or cells.

    Adult tissues or definitive: system parenchyma, tegument system, conducting system, segregators system and mechanical system.

    Form and structure of the leaf; transpiration, guttation, abscission. Modifications of the leaves.
    Form and structure of the flower. Form and structure of the stem. transport function: Xylem and phloem. Form and structure of the root. Secondary growth.

    Cell cycle. DNA replication, mitosis, meiosis, mutations in the DNA.

    Eterozygous, homozygous and hemizygous, dominant and recessive characters, genotype, phenotype and karyotype, Mendel's laws.

    Genetic code, transcription, translation.

Textbook Information

  • Plant and animal biology
    1. Solomon, Berg, Martin -Biologia- Ed. Edises
    2. D. Sadava, D.V. Hillis, H.C. Heller, M.R. Berenbaum-Biologia-Ed.Zainichelli
    3. N.L. Campbell. -Biologia- Ed. Zanichelli
    4. Solomon, Berg, Martin -Struttura e processi vitali nelle piante- Ed. Edises