GENERAL AND INORGANIC CHEMISTRY I M - ZAcademic Year 2016/2017 - 1° Year
Credit Value: 8
Scientific field: CHIM/03 - General and inorganic chemistry
Taught classes: 49 hours
Term / Semester: 1°
Deal with the fundamental aspects of General and Inorganic Chemistry in order to facilitate the understanding of issues developed in other Courses.
Detailed Course Content
1.Units of measurement and basic concepts. - Elements and compounds *. chemical and physical phenomena. Dalton's atomic theory. The sub-atomic particles. atomic number and mass number *. Isotopes. Rutherford's atomic model. Atomic and Molecular Weight Weight *. Avogadro's number * and the concept of mole *: gram-atom and gram-molecule. Stoichiometric calculations*.
2. Atomic structure and the periodic table of the elements. - General information on the structure of the atom. Atomic number and mass number. Isotopes. Outlines: a quantum model of the hydrogen atom, quantum numbers*; emission spectrum of hydrogen. Outlines: wave treatment of the electrons of an atom. Hund's rule*. Aufbau*. Periodic classification* and electronic configuration of the elements*. Atomic radii, ionization potential and electron affinity. Notes on the chemical and physical properties of the elements in relation to their position in the periodic system*.
3. Nomenclature and stoichiometry*. - Atomic mass and molecular mass. Avogadro's number and the mole: gram atom (gat) and gram molecule. Chemical formulas. Chemical reactions and their balance. Stoichiometry. Elements and systematic nomenclature of chemical compounds: oxides, acids, bases and salts.
4. The chemical bond*. - Types of chemical bonds. Notes on atomic bonds: covalent, homopolar and heteropolar. Notes on orbital hybridization. Basics about the electrostatic bonds: ionic bonding, dipole bonds. Notes on hydrogen bonding.
5. The gaseous state. - The gaseous state. Ideal gases and real gases. Fundamental relationships between the parameters that characterize the gaseous state*.
6. The liquid and condensed matter. - Solid state and liquid state: general characteristics. State diagrams* of water and carbon dioxide. Solutions: different ways to represent the concentration of solutions*. The colligative properties*.
7. The chemical equilibrium*. - Definition of equilibrium in homogeneous systems: notes on the equilibrium constant, the law of mass action, the expression of the equilibrium constant for different types of reaction. Homogeneous reactions in the liquid and gaseous phase.
8. Ionic equilibria in aqueous solution*. - Electrolytic dissociation. Acids and bases according to Arrhenius and Bronsted. Strength of acids and bases. Dissociation of water, pH and pOH. pH of strong and weak acids and bases. Hydrolysis. Buffer solutions. Amphoteric electrolytes. Notes on the solubility.
9. Inorganic Chemistry. - Elements of the s, p blocks (Na, Mg, Ca, C, N, P, O, S, Cl)*. General properties of each group, the main preparation methods of the elements and their chemical composition, the major compounds and methods of preparation.
- A. M. Manotti Lanfredi & A. Tiripicchio, Fondamenti di Chimica, CEA
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- P. Giannoccaro, S. Doronzo -Elementi di Stechiometria- Edises